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    Tumble Turns

    During the year leading up to the 1972 Olympics in Munich, Australian Shane Gould broke every Freestyle World Record from the 100 to the 1500 meters

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    The Springboard in the Pond: An Intimate History of the Swimming Poo

    In the introduction, author Thomas A.P. van Leeuwen, Professor of Architectural History and Criticism at the University of Leyden in the Netherlands, begins: "The Springboard in the Pond is a reflective history of the origin and the evolution of the priva

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    Municipal Spas?

    Modern businesses typically choose communities with cultural and recreational amenities that allows them to attract and retain a well-educated workforce.

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    Finding Balance

    Imagine London, circa 1950

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    Americans With Disabilities Act

    In 1990, just two years after the birth of Aquatics International, the federal government passed the sweeping Americans With Disabilities Act, prohibiting discrimination based on certain physical or developmental limitations.

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    New Lifeguarding Strategies

    Lifeguarding has been a mainstay in the industry for decades, but the past 20 years have brought about some significant changes in the way these individuals do their job.

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    Aquatic Therapy & Adaptive Aquatics

    From the ancient Roman baths to the sophisticated aquatic therapy treatment centers of today, water is undeniably cathartic.

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    Operator Certification

    It'?s pretty safe to say that getting a job in aquatics today basically requires two things: a love of the water and a formal certification.

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    Private Swim Schools

    Over the past two decades, private swim schools have become major players in the aquatics industry.

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    Design Evolution

    Over the past two decades, many rectangular neighborhood pools that were state-of-the-art in the 1950s and ?60s became the ?dinosaurs of the industry.

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    Beach Entries

    When it comes to aquatics, it appears mother knows best, Mother Nature, that is.

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    Aquatic Research

    When it comes to aquatic research, the National Swimming Pool Foundation has largely been at the forefront, founding the World Aquatic Health Conference.

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    Sun Safety

    A recent report in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology found that melanoma rates among young women in the United States have increased 50 percent since the 1980s.

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    Ultraviolet Sanitation

    Chlorine has always been the gold standard in pool sanitation, but in the past several years, a supplemental option has entered the mainstream.

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    Pool and Spa Safety Act

    Early this year, President George W. Bush signed the first-ever federal pool and spa safety legislation — the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act. And experts agree that more federally mandated legislation of its kind is bound to follow.

  • Pool Technology

    Thanks to recent technological advances, pools have undergone some pretty impressive changes in the past 20 years.

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    Aquatic Exercise

    Since ancient times, water has been associated with exercise and good health, but in the past two decades aquatic exercise — including aqua aerobics, deep-water running, shallow-water kickboxing, ai chi and various forms of strength training — has come of

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    RWI Outbreaks

    Since the birth of Aquatics International 20 years ago, RWIs including cryptosporidium, have become one of the major topics in the pages of the publication. Certainly aquatic parasites have existed for much longer than two decades, but over the past ...

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    Neighborhood parks across the United States have taken on a new look in recent years. With the addition of “splashpads,” parks, as well as other nonaquatic settings, including zoos and shopping centers, now provide water-based recreation for young visitor...

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    Swim Training Advances

    Highlighted by the Olympics, countless swimming world records have been broken so far this year.

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    Title IX

    How many women are on your staff? According to a 2008 Aquatics International Salary Survey, male and female head lifeguards and supervisors are nearly equal in number.

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    Tubes. Waves.

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    Leisure Pools

    If you were to have asked someone to describe a pool 20 years ago, they’d probably have drawn something rectangular with six or eight lanes for swimming.

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    Waterpark Resorts

    The first indoor waterpark of size in North America was 1985’s World Waterpark in Alberta, Canada’s West Edmonton Mall.

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    Where have the past two decades gone? It was 20 years ago that the first issue of Aquatics International came rolling off the presses — and a lot has changed since then.

  • Readers Reminisce

    I was hired by the San Diego Lifeguard Service [in Southern California] as a beach lifeguard in 1979.

  • The Next 20 Years

    It is my sincere hope that at least one major advance will involve a modification of lifeguard training regimens, in accordance with solid scientific evidence and research — as opposed to the current reliance on past practice, trial and error, opinion...

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    Two Sides of Twenty

    Remember being 20? For me it was (gulp) nearly 20 years ago.

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    Competitive Advantage

    As many operators quickly learn, in-service training sessions can be difficult. Sometimes the staff is not paying attention or is not too thrilled to be there.

  • Staff, Patrons Charged with Sexual Misconduct

    Highlighting the risk of aquatics facility sex offenders — from the public and staff — patrons at several venues became victims of alleged sexual misconduct in summer 2008

  • The Phelps Phenomenon

    Michael Phelps and his history-making eight Olympic Gold medals — a feat followed by millions of new swimming fans — has set the stage for an aquatics rebirth never before seen.

  • Pioneering Study Examines Diving Injury Risks

    Approximately 6,500 children experience diving-related injuries every year, according to first-of-its-kind new research.

  • Golden Moments

    More than 211 million Americans tuned in to watch the Beijing Olympics, making it the most-watched event in U.S. television history, according to Nielsen Media Research. In case you missed the action, here’s a recap of what happened, and a glimpse at prep

  • Inspections Reveal Unsafe Pools

    How clean is your pool? Most operators feel confident when asked that question, but local inspections have revealed some alarmingly unsafe pools, most often in places such as apartment complexes and hotels

  • Hall of Shame

    The Big Splash Waterpark in Tulsa, Okla., was closed for several days in June.

  • CPSC Reports Drownings on Upswing

    When a 5-year-old boy died at Sun Valley Beach waterpark in August, it was the Powder Springs, Ga., park’s second drowning this year.

  • Crypto Outbreaks Appear Across the Nation

    Operators across the nation have closed their pools by now, and for many, autumn could not come soon enough, following several mid- and late-summer crypto outbreaks.

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    Mark Spitz: The Extraordinary Life of An Olympic Champion

    Nine quadreniums ago, swimmer Mark Spitz accomplished what no other Olympian had ever achieved: Seven races.

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    Caught in the Act

    You’ve spent countless hours attending to the needs of your patrons — ensuring good times as they careen down huge water slides, splash in gigantic wave pools or methodically execute their workouts.

  • Tom Saldarelli Leaves Paragon

    Tom Saldarelli, president of Paragon Aquatics, has left the LaGrangeville, N.Y., company after nearly two decades, in part because of the recent downturn in the economy.

  • Waterpark Injuries, Lawsuits Plague Industry

    Safety concerns have waterpark operators on their toes, with several facing lawsuits following incidents spanning the past two years.

  • Going Up?

    With summer 2008 wrapping up, the big question on everyone?s minds is, ?How was business?? Final numbers are still coming in, but early projections look good, thanks to some advanced planning.

  • Five Survival Strategies

    To help weather the slow economy, waterparks across the nation rolled out some aggressive promotion strategies.

  • New Laws Promote Aquatic Safety

    Along with federal legislation, pool operators in several states now must comply with additional safety laws.

  • CPSC Finalizes Commercial Safety Requirements

    The Consumer Product Safety Commission is sticking to the Dec. 19, 2008, deadline for commercial pools to comply with the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act.

  • Crypto Outbreaks Hit Southwest

    Cryptosporidium outbreaks at the height of swim season have sickened bathers and closed many Southwestern pools and sprayparks.

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    Required Reading

    Thousands of dollars are spent annually on the writing and updating of employee manuals, handbooks, brochures and guides.

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    New Material

    One of the fastest-growing trends in indoor pool ventilation is fabric air dispersion, or ductwork, as an alternative to conventional metal.

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    No.8 Schlitterbahn Galveston Island Waterpark

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    No.9 Noah’s Ark

    In the beginning, there was Noah’s Ark Water Park.

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    No.5 Water Country USA

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    No.6 Raging Waters

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    No.7 Adventure Island

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    No.20 Knott's Soak City

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    No.3 Wet ‘n Wild

    Nearly three decades after opening as one of the first waterparks, Wet ‘n Wild is still making waves.

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    No.4 Schlitterbahn Waterpark Resort

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    No.18 Waterworld California

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    No.19 Camelback Mountain Resort

    For nearly 50 years, Camelback Mountain Resort in Tannersville, Pa., has attracted skiers from across the Northeast.

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    No.2 Disney’s Blizzard Beach

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    No.15 Splish Slash

    Anyone who’s ever been to a Yankee game can tell you, New Yorkers are tough critics.

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    No.16 Cedar Point Soak City

    It can’t be easy living up to the reputation of the historic Cedar Point amusement park, but Cedar Point’s Soak City waterpark has been doing just that since it opened 20 years ago.

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    No.17 Schlitterbahn Beach

    “Everything’s bigger in Texas” may be the state mantra, but Schlitterbahn Beach on South Padre Island, Texas, is thinking small.

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    No.12 Wet ‘n Wild Emerald Pointe

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    No.13 Six Flags White Water

    Since it debuted in 1984, Six Flags White Water has been a big part of the Atlanta metro area.

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    No.14 Six Flags Hurricane Harbor

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    No.1 Disney’s Typhoon Lagoon

    In a perfect world, Hurricane Katrina would have blown through some remote tropical paradise, leaving an aquatic wonderland in its wake.

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    No.10 Hyland Hills Water World

    It may not have the amusement industry clout of Six Flags or the deep pockets of Disney, but if the industry accolades and attendance numbers are any indication, Colorado’s Hyland Hills Park and Recreation District operates one of the nation’s

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    No.11 Dollywood’s Splash Country

    These days, celebrities have attached their names to everything from popcorn to perfume, but country music legend Dolly Parton is the only one involved in the waterpark business.

  • News Roundup

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    Back in the Game

    Late-night television is inundated with products designed to bring buff abdominals to the flabby masses.

  • Aquatics International extra

    From Lifeguard to Sun King: The Man Behind the Banana Boat Success Story

    From Michael Phelps back to Matthew Webb, there have been quite a number of books/biographies written in recent years on modern 'aqualetes' as well as a number of early pioneers of aquatic sports, recreation, water safety and entertainment.

  • Crypto Proof?

    Cryptosporidium, or crypto as it is often called, has become the leading cause of recreational water illnesses in the United States, according to surveillance reports published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta.

  • Chasing the Dream

    A talk with Team USA Water Polo players Tim Hutten and Heather Petri, and diver Ariel Rittenhouse before they left for Beijing

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    Boycott: Stolen Dreams of the 1980 Moscow Olympic Games

    Written by identical twins Tom Caraccioli and Jerry Caraccioli,

  • The Original Million Dollar Mermaid:The Annette Kellerman Story

    The modern world of Aquatics has produced some incredible personalities during the past 125+ years.

  • Incidents Point to Inattentive Lifeguards

    Investigations into several incidents at aquatics facilities around the country have raised concerns over the attentiveness and professionalism of pool staffs.

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    Study Confirms Minority Drowning Danger

    More than half of all black and Hispanic children are “at-risk” swimmers, according to a recent study by the University of Memphis, which confirms statistical data first reported several years ago in Aquatics International.

  • Golden Opportunity

    As a teenager in 1930s Illinois, “I dreamed of being on an Olympic team,” said industry icon Adolph Kiefer.

  • Gary Thill

    Thinking About Tomorrow

    As our magazine cover proclaims, this issue is all about dreams — big dreams.

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    Bug Zappers

    Recreational water illnesses are a major concern for facility operators, with outbreaks up significantly last year.

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    Gold Rush

    What inspired your passion for aquatics? If you’re like many in the industry, you probably said, “The Olympics.” Every four years the world gathers to celebrate the spirit of competition, patriotism and sportsmanship — and this sum

  • illustration by Tariq Kamal

    Bubble Trouble

    A few summers ago, I arrived at the waterpark early to conduct our morning inspections.

  • Watered Down: TWO

    Many aquatics professionals are hearing reports about swim meets where athletes have to queue up in the hallway because the natatorium air is too polluted to breathe.

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    A Healthy Relationship

    As a health inspector, I come at the issue of pool operations from a different perspective than many other aquatics professionals. Some operators may view me as the “bad cop,” someone who makes doing their jobs that much harder.

  • Watered Down: ONE

    Many aquatics professionals are hearing reports about swim meets where athletes have to queue up in the hallway because the natatorium air is too polluted to breathe.

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    Pattern Treatments

    In the early 1950s, physicians and therapists were scrambling to find treatments that might work for a new crop of polio patients.

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    Huntington Beach Lifeguards

    Huntington Beach/HB, known today as Surf City USA,is not only one of our nation’s busiest beaches but has a long and upstanding history in the professional development of lifeguards and lifesaving in America.

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    Uninspected Consequences

    When 6-year-old Ethan Cory drowned at the Swimmin’ Hole waterpark in Joplin, Mo., this past summer, his parents filed a lawsuit against almost anyone who could be held responsible.

  • Gary Thill

    Teachable Moments

    There’s nothing like a little pain to give you clarity.

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    Fun Factor

    Imagine a day when your aquatics staff is not only enthusiastically attending in-service trainings, but also contributing ideas about content and structure.

  • Breath-holding Incidents Raise Concerns

    Three separate breath-hold incidents at YMCA pools in a two-week period and another at Kenmore Pool in Saint Edward Park in Kenmore, Wash., have brought the issue to a head, and prompted industry action.

  • New CPR Guidelines Not for Aquatics

    Hoping to encourage more bystanders to engage in cardiopulmonary respiration, the American Heart Association released new guidelines for the procedure, advising chest-compression-only CPR for adults who suffer a sudden cardiac incident.

  • Dazed and Confused

    200 days. As of June 1 that’s about how much time left the industry has to comply with the federal Virginia “Graeme” Baker Pool and Spa safety Act.

  • N.Y. Resort Battling Norovirus Outbreak

    An investigation is under way to determine what caused more than 500 people to become ill with norovirus, following a stay at the Great Escape Lodge & Indoor Waterpark in Lake George, N.Y.

  • Chlorine Problems Shut Pools, Injure Patrons

    Pools were shut down and more than 40 swimmers hospitalized recently as the result of chlorine issues at several facilities across North America.

  • Crypto-Weary Utah Proposes Strict Codes

    Hoping to prevent a repeat of the record cryptosporidium outbreaks of last summer, Utah health officials are proposing tough new rules.

  • Symposium Tackles Drowning Issues

    The 7th Annual National Drowning Prevention Symposium tackled the new national pool safety law; hyperbaric oxygen treatment; apartment-pool dangers; dealing with grief; and toddler swim lessons

  • Staff Appearance: Artistic License?

    With the popularity of tattoos and piercings at an all-time high a 2006 study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology found that 24 percent of respondents had tattoos and 14 percent had body piercings….

  • CDC Posts New Fecal Response Guidelines

    Hoping to address the growing threat of cryptosporidium, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released revised guidelines for diarrheal fecal accident response.

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    Season Openers

    With summer right around the corner, there’s no time like the present to begin thinking about lifeguard preparations for the upcoming season.